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Detecting Adult Phycitinae (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) Infestations in a Raisin-Marketing Channel

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Abstract:

Populations of stored-product moths in raisin-marketing channels were evaluated with the pheromone (Z-E) 9–12 tetradecadien-l-ol acetate. Sticky traps baited with this pheromone attracted Indianmeal moth, Plodia interpunctella (Hübner); almond moth, Cadra cautella (Walker); raisin moth, Cadra figulilella (Gregson); Mediterranean flour moth, Anagasta kuehniella (Zeller); and tobacco moth, Ephestia elutella (Hübner). Indianmeal moth was found in very low numbers in a U.S. raisin-processing plant. Raisin moths were plentiful outside the plant, but were rarely found inside the plant. During transport of raisins to Rotterdam, The Netherlands, only almond moths were captured. Western European warehouses were infested with Indian meal moth, tobacco moth, Mediterranean flour moth, and almond moth. Only one raisin moth was trapped in these warehouses. Pheromone-baited traps are valuable for detection of insect infestation in marketing channels, and their use could lead to improved insect control programs and thus cleaner raisin products for the consumer.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 1987

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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