Control of Stable Flies and Horn Flies (Diptera: Muscidae) with Permethrin Tapes Applied to Tails of Beef and Dairy Cattle

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Abstract:

Ear and tail tapes containing ampules of viscous preparations of permethrin were applied to tails of beef and dairy cattle. Horn flies, Haematobia irritans (L.), were controlled for 9 wk on beef cattle and 4 wk on dairy cattle. When applied via the tail, the same permethrin preparation was more efficacious than when applied via the ear. Retention problems were experienced with both cattle types but were aggravated by wet conditions at the dairy. Although no stable flies, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.), were present on the beef animals, at least two discrete concentrations of adult stable flies were identified on the dairy. The effects of stable fly behavior on control are discussed. Further development of the tail tape is advocated, as is its use in integrated pest management programs for fly control on cattle.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1987

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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