Biological Effects of Developing Sorghum Panicles in a Meridic Diet on Fall Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Development

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Fresh panicle spikelets of developing sorghum, Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench, were mixed into a standard meridic diet and fed to neonate larvae of fall armyworm (FAW), Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith). Differences between weights of FAW larvae fed ‘NK Savanna 5’ (resistant) and ‘Funk H-5245’ (susceptible) were found at the preflowering, flowering, milk, and hard-dough stages of development. Addition of 40 or 80 g of fresh immature kernels per 300 ml of diet resulted in significant differences in weights of FAW larvae fed the two sorghum hybrids. No significant relationship was found between tannin concentration of various stages of kernel development and weights of FAW larvae. In addition, no significant relationship was found between tannin concentration and weights of FAW larvae reared on diets containing milk-stage panicles of 12 sorghum genotypes. Chemical(s) within the glumes of the sorghum panicle probably confers resistance.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 1986

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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