Feasibility of Fumigating Unmodified River Barges with Phosphine While in Transit

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Six unmodified barges containing corn were fumigated in transit on the Mississippi River between St. Louis, Mo., and New Orleans, La., with aluminum phosphide pellets at the rate of 1.7 g/m3. Insufficient concentrations of phosphine in most areas of the cargo precluded control of either natural pest infestation or caged insects. Also, extensive leaking of phosphine through hatches and lids of barges could lead to hazardous conditions aboard the barge tow or towboat or both. Largest phosphine residue on the grain following fumigation was 0.046 ppm, below established tolerance of 0.1 ppm. Results indicate that fumigation of river barges as presently practiced is ineffective, potentially hazardous, and could lead to development of significant levels of resistance.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 1986

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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