Enhancement of Lures for Japanese Beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) by Eugenol and Japonilure

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Abstract:

The abilities of eugenol and Japonilure [(R,Z)-5-(I-decenyl)dihydro-2(3H)- furanone], the female sex pheromone, to enhance the attractancy of various lures for the Japanese beetle. Popillia japonica Newman. were determined. The attraction of beetles to phenethyl propionate (PEP), the most common component of recent food-type lures was enhanced much more by eugenol (2- to 3-fold more) than it was by Japonilure. PEP was the only lure to be so enhanced. Among other lures, the attractancies of anethole, citronellol, geraniol. geranyl acetate, and phenethyl butyrate were much more enhanced by Japonilure than by eugenol. The attractancies of caproic acid. heptyl 2-methylbutyrate, and methyl cyclohexanepropionate were enhanced to a comparable degree by either eugenol or Japanilure.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1986

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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