Sterile Boll Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae ) Fed 10% Sugar Diets: Effect on Longevity, Mating, and Flight
Author: Haynes, Jack
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 78, Number 4, August 1985 , pp. 783-786(4)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Adult Anthonomus grandis grandis Boheman were sterilized when fed an adult diet containing 100 ppm of diflubenzuron for 5 days followed by 10 krads of acute irradiation on day 6. The diet also contained either 10% sucrose, 10% maltose, or 2.5% sucrose diet (wt/wt) as a standard comparison. Mortality of treated (T) males and females fed 10% sucrose was significantly lower than T weevils fed the standard 2.5% sucrose diet for the first 4 days after treatment. Treated males fed 10% maltose also had significantly less mortality for 4 days compared with males fed the standard sucrose diet. For the first 4 days after treatment, sperm transfer of T males fed the 10% maltose diet was significantly higher than those fed the 2.5% sucrose diet. Sperm transfer of T males fed 10% sucrose was significantly higher for 2 days after treatment compared with T males fed the 2.5% sucrose diet. Treated males fed 10% maltose flew significantly more at day 1 after treatment than T males fed the other two sugar diets. Increased sugar in the diet had no overall effect in increasing male attractiveness to virgin females.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: August 1, 1985
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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