Comparative Effectiveness of Gallery-injected Insecticides and Fumigants to Control Carpenterworms (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) and Oak Clearwing Borers (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae)

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Abstract:

Gallery injections with six insecticides and three fumigants were tested for comparative effectiveness in controlling two hardwood borers, the carpenterworm, Prionoxystus robiniae (Peck), and an oak clearwing borer, Paranthrene simulans (Grote). The insecticides were injected to treat both the phloem-cambium mine and gallery entrance; the fumigants were injected only into the gallery entrance, which was then plugged. Diazinon, chlorpyrifos, and carbaryl gave good to excellent control of both borers. Lindane and endosulfan were effective only at comparatively high rates. Bacillus thuringiensis was ineffective even at very high rates. The three fumigants (carbon disulfide, Serafume, and paradichlorobenzene) provided complete control. The gallery injection technique was deemed feasible for use against borers in high-value trees. Gallery injection has advantages over bark sprays because it can give satisfactory control of borers already established in galleries and limits chemical application to a few galleries instead of entire trees or stands of trees.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1985

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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