Low-Oxygen Atmosphere for Post harvest Insect Control in Bulk-Stored Raisins

$28.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:


Stored raisins were successfully treated for control of Cadra figulilella (Gregson), Plodia interpunctella (Hübner), Drosophila melanogaster (Meigen), Carpophilus hemipterus (L.), Oryzaephilus mercator (Fauvel), O. surinamensis (L.), and Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) with a low-oxygen atmosphere. The atmosphere, consisting of ≤0.5% oxygen, 10 to 14% carbon dioxide, and a balance mainly of nitrogen, was produced by an exothermic generator that uses natural gas or propane fuel to "burn" oxygen out of the air. This atmosphere was introduced into commercial stacks (bulk storages) of raisins in a continuous-flow, single-pass operation; the atmosphere exiting the stack was not recirculated. Time for purging the raisin stacks to <0.5% O. was ≤48 h, and insect control was obtained in 5 days at 27°C and 14 days at 16°C.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1984

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
  • Editorial Board
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Visit this journal's homepage
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more