Low-Oxygen Atmosphere for Post harvest Insect Control in Bulk-Stored Raisins
Authors: Soderstrom, Edwin L.; Brandl, David G.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 77, Number 2, April 1984 , pp. 440-445(6)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Stored raisins were successfully treated for control of Cadra figulilella (Gregson), Plodia interpunctella (Hübner), Drosophila melanogaster (Meigen), Carpophilus hemipterus (L.), Oryzaephilus mercator (Fauvel), O. surinamensis (L.), and Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) with a low-oxygen atmosphere. The atmosphere, consisting of ≤0.5% oxygen, 10 to 14% carbon dioxide, and a balance mainly of nitrogen, was produced by an exothermic generator that uses natural gas or propane fuel to "burn" oxygen out of the air. This atmosphere was introduced into commercial stacks (bulk storages) of raisins in a continuous-flow, single-pass operation; the atmosphere exiting the stack was not recirculated. Time for purging the raisin stacks to <0.5% O. was ≤48 h, and insect control was obtained in 5 days at 27°C and 14 days at 16°C.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 1984-04-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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