During 1980and 1981, spray programs using soft pesticides were compared with programs using pesticides normally applied to commercial pear orchards in central Washington for the control of the insect-mite pest complex. In 1980, all pest species present except pear psylla, Psylla pyricola Foerster, were held below damaging densities by both soft and standard programs or by predators and parasites that survived. In the soft-pesticide plot, two prebloom sprays of petroleum oil and four postbloom tree washes failed to prevent serious fruit russetting by honeydew from pear psylla. In the standard program, fenvalerate and oxythioquinox sprays before bloom and three postbloom sprays of amitraz provided better control of this pest than did the oil sprays and tree washes. In 1981, both soft and standard programs controlled all pest species present. In the soft plot, pear psylla density was kept below damaging level by two prebloom petroleum oil sprays and four postbloom sprays of mancozeb. Codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.), was controlled in the soft plot by four cover sprays each year of diflubenzuron in 1980 or Bay Sir 8514, 2-chloro-N-([L(4-trifluoromethoxy)phenyl]amino)carbonyl benzamide) in 1981. Azinphosmethyl applied on a similar schedule in the standard plot also provided good codling moth control. Densities of major predators of pear psylla were higher in the soft than in the standard plot, but not as high as those in the untreated check.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: August 1, 1983
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Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.