Western Cherry Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae): Fumigation with Methyl Bromide at Selected Fruit Temperatures
Authors: Moffitt, H. R.; Fountain, J. B.; Hartsell, P. L.; Albano, D. J.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 76, Number 1, February 1983 , pp. 135-138(4)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:To comply with Japanese and similar import quarantine requirements of other countries, a treatment schedule for control of Rhagoletis indifferens Curran in harvested sweet cherries with methyl bromide at fruit temperatures as low as 6°C was developed. The treatment consists of 64 g/m3> of methyl bromide at fruit temperatures of 6.0 to 12.5°C, 48 g/m3 at 13.0 to 16.5°C, 40 g/m3 at 17 to 20.5°C, or 32 g/m3 at 21°C or above, all with a 2-h exposure period (the 32-g/m3 treatment at 21°C or above had been established earlier). Complete mortality of cherry fruit fly larvae was obtained with each treatment with resulting inorganic bromide residues of 4.16 to 6.93 ppm. The amount of shrivel was increased in cherries fumigated at 6.5°C. Treatment of cherries at temperatures lower than 21°C will aid greatly in maintaining satisfactory quality of the treated fruit and allow greater flexibility in the scheduling and carrying out of commercial fumigations.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1983-02-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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