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Characterization and Seasonal Distribution of Breeding Sites of Stable Flies and House Flies (Diptera: Muscidae) on Eastern Nebraska Feedlots and Dairies

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Sixteen different classes of breeding sites for the stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.), and the house fly, Musca domestica L., were identified through weekly searches, from late May to early October, on four small feedlots, one large feedlot, and one dairy, and single searches of an additional 25 feedlots and three dairies. A total of 526 samples of ca. 100 fly pupae per sample showed fencelines, drainage ditches, and haylage to account for 26.2, 18.4 and 12.9%, respectively, of the total stable fly pupae sampled on small feedlots. Swine manure and haylage were the most frequent and consistent producers of house flies on the small feedlots, accounting for 19.9, and 18.8%, respectively,of the total population sampled. Spilled feed was a consistent breeding site on the large feedlot and accounted for 53.0 and 16.0% of the sampled stable flies and house flies, respectively; stored manure on dairies accounted for 31.7 and 25.3% of the total stable flies and house flies sampled, respectively.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 1983

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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