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Biological Control of the Greater Wax Moth (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), Utilizing In Vivo- and In Vitro-Propagated Baculovirus

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Abstract:

Galleria mellonella (L.) is a serious pest of the honey bee industry and causes millions of dollars damage annually in the United States. Currently, biological control methods are being investigated to replace chemical fumigants used to control wax moth populations. In vivo- and in vitro-produced, multiple-embedded nuclear polyhedrosis virus of G. mellonella (MGmNPV) were used to control artificially induced wax moth populations. No significant differences in virulence (0.05 level) were noted between in vitro- and in vivo-produced MGmNPV tested in an in vivo bioassay. MGmNPV virus produced in vivo and in vitro and applied at a dose of 1 x 109 polyhedral inclusion bodies per section (5 by 10 cm) of drawn honey comb proved efficacious under laboratory conditions. Similar results were obtained under field conditions where economically important damage was prevented with similar dosages. A cost of 22 cents per 10-frame hive was calculated for in vitro-produced virus used in control studies.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 1982

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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