Control of the Periodical Cicada in Eastern New York During 1979
Authors: Weires, R. W.; Straub, R. W.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 73, Number 4, August 1980 , pp. 515-519(5)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Fifteen insecticides were evaluated for toxicity to adults of Magicicada septendecim (L.) in the laboratory. Methomyl, oxamyl, carbofuran, fenvalerate, permethrin, and amitraz gave quick knockdown and immobilization within 3 h of treatment. Methiocarb and the standard, carbaryl, also were effective but slower in action. Residual activity was greatest with fenvalerate and carbofuran. Cicadas immobilized by the carbamates usually died within 12–24 h following treatment, whereas those treated with the synethetic pyrethroids or amitraz remained alive but immobile throughout the observation periods. Field tests demonstrated methomyl, oxamyl, carbofuran, and fenvalerate to be effective mortality agents, especially against emerging cicada populations. Against mobile ovipositing female cicadas, fen valerate also functioned effectively as a repellent. Significancly more limb breakage on apple trees caused by cicada oviposition was found on 'Cortland' and 'McIntosh' cultivars and was attributed to greater vegetative growth relative to other cultivars.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: August 1980
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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