Effect of Trap Design and Sex Attractant Release Rates on Tomato Pinworm Catches

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Abstract:

Adults of Keiferia lycopersicella (Walsingham) were monitored with a synthetic sex attractant in a fall planting of fresh market tomatoes to determine the most effective trap type and attractant release rates. Zoecon IC® sticky traps were 6 times more effective in trapping tomato pinworm moths than Delta® sticky traps and mineral oil traps. An inverse relationship existed between attractant release rate (fibers per dispenser) and trapping efficiency in all trap types. Lower release rates (1 and 3 fibers/dispenser) resulted in significantly higher trap catches than higher release rates (10,30, and 100 fibers/dispenser) with a progressive significant reduction in trap catch with each increase in fiber numbers above 3/dispenser. In a further comparison of release rates, 0.5, 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 fibers/dispenser were compared in Zoecon IC traps. Single fiber dispensers were not significantly different from 0.5- or 3-fiber dispensers, but were significantly more effective than 5, 7, or 9 fibers. Regular renewal of fibers decreased trapping efficiency at the 5 fibers/dispenser release rate.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 1979

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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