Detoxication Mechanisms for Aldrin, Carbofuran, Fonofos, Phorate, and Terbufos in Four Species of Diabroticites

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14C radiolabeled aldrin, carbofuran, fonofos, phorate, and terbufos were used to evaluate insecticide degradation and metabolic pathways in adults of northern corn rootworm, Diabrotica longicornis (Say), southern corn rootworm, D. undecimpunctata howardi Barber, western corn rootworm, D. virgifera LeConte, and striped cucumber beetle Acalymma vittata (F.). A number of 14C labeled degradation products was demonstrated for each insecticide in each species, and metabolic pathways of epoxidation, hydroxylation, thioether oxidation, desulfuration, and hydrolysis were identified. In general, the southern corn rootworm showed the highest capacity for degradation of the insecticides and the striped cucumber beetle the lowest. The biochemical data were consistent with the levels of insecticide resistance in the 4 species.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 1979

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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