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Identification of Damage Symptoms and Patterns of Feeding of Plant Bugs in Cotton

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Abstract:

The top 4 expanded nodes (terminals) of cotton plants, Gossypium hirsutum L., were exposed in plastic enclosures to Lygus Hesperus Knight, Orius insidiosus (Say), Empoasca abrupta DeLong, Spanogonicus albofasdatus (Reuter), and Pseudatomoscelis seriatus (Reuter). Feeding damage was observed only on terminals exposed to L. Hesperus, S. albofasciatus, and P. seriatus.

Symptoms of feeding on floral buds (squares) were necrosis and subsequent browning of the staminal column and occasionally of the ovary and pedicel. Insect damage was readily distinguished from the desiccation of all tissues of squares that abscised because of physiological stress. The preferred feeding sites for L. hesperus females and P. seriatus adults were the squares at the 1st nodes of fruiting branches at the base of the 1st and 2nd expanded leaf below the apical bud. These squares were 2–4 mm in width. At an avg temperature of 30°C, L. hesperus damaged 3.69 squares/insect per day.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 1979

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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