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Anopheles stephensi: Effect of Gamma-Radiation and Chemosterilants on the Fertility and Fitness of Males for Sterile Male Releases

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Abstract:

Irradiation of Anopheles stephensi Liston male pupae with 8 krad induced 97.2% male sterility. Higher irradiation of 12 krad resulted in ca. 2% increase of sterility (99.1%) with reduced fitness of males for mating and survival. Four krad irradiation of females resulted in inhibited egg production and at 7 krad there was complete failure of females to lay eggs. Thiotepa was not effective in the sterilization of mosquitoes at the pupal stage. Dipping mosquito pupae in 1% P, P-bis (1-aziridinyl) -N-methylphosphinothioic amide for 2 h induced 100% sterility in both sexes. Chemosterilized males were permanently sterile and comparable in quality (mating competitiveness, mating ability, and survival) with untreated males.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 1978

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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