Laboratory and Field Tests to Compare the Effectiveness of Organophosphorous, Carbamate, and Synthetic Pyrethroid Acaricides Against Northern Fowl Mites

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Abstract:

By using a laboratory technique, carbaryl was found to be the acaricide most toxic to Ornithonyssus sylviarum (Canestrini and Fanzago) of those materials currently registered in Virginia for this purpose. Ectiban permethrin (3-phenoxybenzyl-3- (2,2-dichlorovinyl) -2,2-dimethyleyelopropane carboxylate) and SD-43775 (cyano- (3-phenoxyphenyl) -methyl-4-chloro-alpha- (l-methylethyl) - benzeneacetate) produced effective northern fowl mite control when applied to poultry at rates commensurate with and lower than those currently recommended for most organophosphorous materials. Synthetic pyrethroid acaricides may become important in future poultry pest management programs.

Northern fowl mites collected from commercial poultry quarters in Virginia displayed tolerance to malathion when tested via laboratory techniques. It is believed that this represents the initial report of malathion tolerance by this species in the eastern U.S.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1978

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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