Techniques for Shipping Large Numbers of Adult Horn Flies
Authors: Miller, J. A.; Eschle, J. L.; Hogan, B. F.; Wright, F. C.; Edwards, C. I.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 70, Number 2, April 1977 , pp. 179-182(4)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Techniques were developed for shipping large numbers of Haematobia irritans (L.) from Kerrville, Tex., to Molokai, Hawaii, for release in a pilot sterile-male program. Both O2 depletion and C2 accumulation were found to be critical factors in the survival of the flies. Chilled, marked, irradiated flies were packaged in perforated paper bags which were then stored in the lower compartment of an insulated shipping container. Frozen eutectic material in the upper compartment maintained the flies in the chilled (<5°C) immobile state to reduce energy expenditures. A CO2 absorber and O2 were added before the container was scaled for shipment. With these methods, we delivered flies with an average 85% survival over the 30–36 h time from packaging to release.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1977
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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