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Yield and Value of Flue-Cured Tobacco Treated with Carbofuran and Certain Foliar Insecticides for Tobacco Budworm Control

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Abstract:

Carbofuran was evaluated for control of Heliothis virescens (F.) and its effects on yield and quality of flue-cured tobacco in South Carolina. Pretransplant broadcast and posttransplant sidedress treatments gave a range of control from inadequate to excellent. In all experiments, carbofuran aided in control of tobacco budworms, but yield data from carbofuran-treated tobacco was not consistent. When compared to untreated tobacco, yields from carbofuran treatments ranged from a reduction of ca. 31b/acre to an increase of ca. 500 lb/ acre. In all experiments, yields from carbofuran- treated tobacco were less than from tobacco treated with foliar applications of insecticides for tobacco budworm control. Although insect damage was sometimes apparent when carbofuran alone was used, a carbofuran combination treatment plus a nematicide such as Mocap® or Telone® increased yields, and the increases were comparable to combination treatments of standard nematicides plus foliar insecticides. Tobacco quality was good for carbofuran-treated tobacco and flowering dates were about the same as for standard nematicides plus foliar insecticides for tobacco budworm control.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 1976

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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