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California Red scale: Development of a Method for Testing Juvenoids

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Aqueous emulsions of 21 insect growth regulators were tested for juvenile hormone activity against 1st-molt Aonidiella aurantii (Maskell) by spraying emulsions on the scale insects while these fed on lemon fruit. Residues of the 1st 6 available compounds were tested by spraying emulsions of these on lemon fruit and introducing crawlers onto the fruit 10 h later. These same compounds used to develop a method of testing by exposing white cap, 1st molt, 2nd molt, and adult stages of scales to their activity. Of these, mixed stereoisomers of methyl 10, ll-epoxy-7-ethyl-3,4-dimethyl-2,6-tridecadienoate and 6, 7-epoxy-3,7-dimethyl-l-[3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenoxy]-2-nonene were the most active (inhibited adult eclosion and prevented embryogenesis) at concentrations of 0.1 and 1.0%. The latter compound also inhibited adult eclosion of progeny from female treated with these concentrations 5 days after mating and suppressed the production of sex pheromone in virgin females treated in the 2nd molt with concentrations of 0.2 or 0.5%. Males were 16 times more susceptible to the activity of methoprene than females.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1976

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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