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Aphids and Other Insects as Vectors of Soybean Mosaic Virus

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Field observations of soybean mosaic (SMV) gave evidence that a vector was responsible for spread from soybean plant to soybean plant. Ten species of insects commonly found on soybeans did not transmit SMV to healthy Bansei soybean plants. Aphids were not commonly found on soybeans but were occasionally observed probing on them. Seven aphid species colonizing weeds within the soybean fields were tested for their potential to transmit SMV. Dactynotus ambrosiae (Thomas), Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas), Myzus persicae (Sulzer), and Rhopalosiphum maidis (Fitch) positively transmitted SMV from SMV infected soybeans to healthy soybeans. R. maidis and D. ambrosiae have not previously been reported as vectors of SMV.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1976

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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