Gustatory Stimulant, Sunlight Protectant, Evaporation Retardant: Three Characteristics of a Microbial Insecticidal Adjuvant

Authors: Ignoffo, Carlo M.; Hostetter, Donald L.; Smith, David B.

Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 69, Number 2, April 1976 , pp. 207-210(4)

Publisher: Entomological Society of America

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A commercial adjuvant developed for use with microbial insecticides provided protection against inactivation of Baculovirus heliothis by sunlight, retarded evaporation of water-virus mixture, and also stimulated feeding by larvae of the bollworm, Heliothis zea (Boddie). Formulations with the adjuvant were 2–11 times more stable in simulated sunlight than those without the adjuvant. About 50% of the water was lost from a mixture of water + virus + adjuvant (20%); 80% was lost from water + virus alone. Larval feeding increased ca. 3-fold on leaflets in areas spotted with the adjuvant.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1976

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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