Effects of UV Irradiation on Nymphs of Blattella germanica and Periplaneta americana
Authors: Cohen, Samuel H.; Sousa, John A.; Roach, Joseph F.; Gingrich, John B.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 68, Number 5, 15 October 1975 , pp. 687-693(7)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Certain effects of UV irradiation on nymphs of the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana (L.), and the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.), were investigated. Of 7 wavelengths to which the nymphs were exposed, 254 and 265 nm were the most effective in producing mortality. The approximate LD50 dose for nymphs exposed to germicidal (254 nm) UV was 4.56×104 j cm−3 for P. americana and 1.9×104 j cm−2 for B. germanica.
UV irradiation resulted in retarded feeding and delay in weight gain and molting. Structural abnormalities were observed among adults of those nymphs which were exposed to either pulsed or continuous UV. Pulsed UV was more effective in producing mortality than continuous UV exposure.
Nymphs lured to a specific area by food, water, food and water, contaminated filter paper, or filter paper containing a crude extract of aggregation pheromone were killed when irradiated with germicidal (254 nm) UV.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 15 October 1975
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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