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The Pink Bollworm Sex Attractant

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The sex attractant of Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders) was isolated from mixed sexes and from females only by chromatographic purification of the alcohol precursor and its acetylated product. Studies on the structure of the pheromone confirm a previous report that it is a mixture of (Z ,Z)- and (Z ,E)-7, 11-hexadecadien-1-ol acetate in roughly equal amount. All 4 geometric isomers of 7, 11- hexadecadien-1-o1 acetate were synthesized and characterized. Electroantennogram response was determined for the 4 isomers and hexalure. Moth captures in traps were determined for the following: the 4 isomers individually and all together; 2-component mixtures of the isomers; the 1:1 mixture of the pheromonal isomers plus small amounts of the other 2 isomers; a series of concentrations of the pheromone (1:1 isomer ratio) with and without trioctanoin as keeper; and the pheromone plus candidate inhibitors (which were found in the extract), synergists, and a stabilizer.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1974

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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