Juvenile Hormone Mimics as Feed Additives for Control of the Face Fly and House Fly

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Abstract:

Three juvenile hormone mimics, methoprene (as Altosid®); (E)-4-[(6, 7-epoxy-3, 7-dimethyl-2-nonenyl)oxy]-1, 2-(methylenedioxy)benzene (as Hoffman-La Roche Ro 20-3600); and (E)-6, 7-epoxy-1-(p-ethylphenoxy)-3, 7-dimethyl-2-octene (as Stauffer R-20458) were mixed with fresh cow manure and seeded with larvae of the house fly, Musca domestica L., and the face fly, Musca autumnalis De Geer. Methoprene at 1 ppm completely inhibited development of face flies, and at 10 ppm markedly inhibited the development of house flies. Ro 20-3600 at 10 ppm inhibited the development of face flies but had no effect on house flies, even at 100 ppm. R-20458 at 100 ppm had no effect on face flies or house flies.

Also, methoprene fed to cattle at a rate of 1 mg/kg body weight gave essentially complete control of face flies, and a rate of 2.5 mg/kg body weight gave significant control of house flies. Ro 20-3600 fed at a rate of 10 mg/kg body weight gave complete control of face flies but had no effect on house flies.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 1974

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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