Fumigants for Quarantine Control of the Adult Brown Dog Tick:1 Laboratory Studies2,3


Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 66, Number 6, December 1973 , pp. 1283-1286(4)

Publisher: Entomological Society of America

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Small-scale laboratory fumigations in 1972indicated that comparatively high dosage schedules of methyl bromide applied at both normal atmospheric pressure (NAP) and at a reduced pressure of 105-110 mm Hg were required to provide quarantine control (100% mortality) of RhipifI'phallls sanguinms (Latreille). At NAP, 64 mg/liter for 3.5 h at 22.2°C and 96 mg for 5.5-6 h at 11.1° gave control. Sulfuryl fluoride 16-32 mg/liter for 16-24 h and ethylene oxide-carbon dioxide (1: 9) mixture 160 mg/liter for 16-24 h also appeared effective at NAP. Ethylene dibromide 16 mg/liter for 2 h and aluminum phosphide 52.17 pellets/ m3 for 72 h were ineffective at 22.2°C. Saturated atmosphere of carbon tetrachloride was effective even with an exposure as short as 1.5 h at near 22°C. Fumigation below 10°C does not appear practical for the fumigants tested because of the high dosages required.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 1973

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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