Resistance of Pineapple Variety 59-443 to Field Populations of Oriental Fruit Flies and Melon Flies

Authors: Seo, S. T.; Chambers, D. L.; Lee, C. Y. L.; Komura, M.; Fujimoto, M.; Kamakahi, D.

Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 66, Number 2, 16 April 1973 , pp. 522-523(2)

Publisher: Entomological Society of America

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Abstract:

The variety 59-443 of pineapple, Ananas comosus (L.) Merr., cannot be shipped to the mainland of the United States as fresh fruit without fumigation with ethylene dibromide to prevent the introduction of the 3 species of Hawaiian Tephritidae (Anonymous 1968). The parentage of variety 59-443 includes ‘Smooth Cayenne,’ ‘Pernambuco,’ ‘Smooth Guatemala,’ and ‘Ruby’ in the ratio of 9:3:2:2, respectively, and except for porosity, brix of 16.0,acidity of 0.70, and translucence of 3.5 are similar to ‘Smooth Cayenne’ (J. B. Smith, Dole Company, 650 Iwilei Road, Honolulu, Hawaii 96817, personal communication, 1972). The fruit is less porous than Smooth Cayenne as indicated by the values of porosity of 3.5 and 2.7, respectively (1.0 maximum and 4.0 least). Fruit for this study were grown on the Island of Lanai, which has a land area of only 141 mile and contains many hosts of these species: Cucurbitacea; papaya, Carica papaya L.; mango, Mangifera indica L.; avocado, Persea americana Mill.; plus various Citrus in backyards in Lanai City; guava, Psidium guajava L., on many parts of the island; and the weedy form of balsam pear, Momordica charantia L. (Neal 1965), in and about the pineapple fields.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 16, 1973

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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