Toxicity of Busulfan and Influence of Ingested Chemosterilized Boll Weevils on Reproductive Performance of the Japanese Quail

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Busulfan-sterilized males of Anthonomus grandis Boheman were released in cotton fields of south Mississippi. Alabama, and Louisiana as part of the boll weevil eradication experiment. Laboratory experiments were conducted on the Japanese quail. Coturnix coturnix japonica (Teminek & Schlegel), to assess the effects of the toxicity of busulfan ingested, chemosterilized weevils on certain species of wildlife. The acute toxicity of busulfan to quail chicks at age 1 week was 162.7 mg/kg. Toxicity for males and females at age 8 weeks was 169.3 and 174.3 mg/kg. respectively. Gland weights of testes and ovaries were affected at LD50 or at a higher dose.

Quail chicks were fed chemosterilized weevils. Eggs of these quail and their offspring were analyzed for egg production, fertility, hatehability, shell thickness, albumen, and yolk contents. Chemosterilized weevils had no significant effect on the reproductive performance of Coturnix quail.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 16, 1973

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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