Chemosterilization of Male House Flies1 by Fumigation2,3
Authors: CHANG, S. C.; BOŘKOVEC, A. B.; WOODS, C. W.; TERRY, P. H.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 66, Number 1, February 1973 , pp. 23-26(4)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:A dosed fumigation system with circulating atmosphere saturated with vapors of tepa, thiotepa (tris (l-aziridinyl) phosphine sulfide), hempa, thiohempa (hexa-methylphosphorothioictriamide), bis (l-aziridinyl)-Nmethyl-phosphinothioic amide, or bis (l-azilidinyl) -N-methylphosphinothioic amide was used to stetilize male Musca domesticaL. Chemical and physical characteristics of the chemosterilant affected the fumigation period required for 50 or 95% sterilization (ST50> and ST95>), but the vapor pressure of a sterilant was not directly proportional to its e1Iediveness. On the other hand, an increase in ambient temperature or in the treatment period invariably increased sterility. The uptake of hempa or thiohempa by treated flies was similar to the injection dose needed for the same degree of sterility, and each compound was metabolized to a different extent during the fumigation period. The closed fumigation system is safe to the operator, and the procedure is rapid and economical both in use of sterilant and in handling- of insects. }'or mass treatments, the equipment could be easily scaled lip.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1973-02-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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