Mediterranean and Oriental Fruit Flies:1 Survival in Commercial Fruit Cocktail2,3

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When fresh fruit cocktail (made with diced papaya, Carica papaya L.; diced pineapple, Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.; 50% sugar sirup; and lime juice) was placed in scaled polyethylene bags and artificially infested with about a million eggs and larvae of the oriental fruit fly, Dacus dorsalis Hendel, and the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), only 4 oriental fruit flies survived storage for 1-24 hours at air temperatures that ranged from 22° to . Also, none survived of a million similar insects in fruit cocktail after I and 4 days of storage at ca. 1.7. Moreover, in tests of fruit cocktail made with unpceled papayas infested with oriental fruit flies, none of about .114,000 insects survived storage for 4 days at ) 7 or for :l days at 22-28. When peeled fruits were used in fruit cocktail, 1 day of storage at 1.7 or at 22-28 killed all the 113,000 fruit flies. Thus, careful selection of fruits, removal of generous amounts of peel and pedicel ends, use of diced pineapple, minimizing of air pockets in the polyethylene bags, and storage of the fruit cocktail in the sealed bags for 1-3 days at 1.7 before shipment would make survival of any tephritids unlikely.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 1972

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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