Some Basic Nutritional Requirements of Smaller European Elm Bark Beetle1 Larvae2
Author: GALFORD, JIMMY R.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 65, Number 3, June 1972 , pp. 681-684(4)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Two artificial media were used to determine some nutritional requirements for development of newly hatched larvae of Scolytus multistriatus (Marsham) into adults. Under the test conditions, the larvae required a sterol, inositol, and potassium to become adults. Cholesterol, cholesterol acetate, sitosterol, stigmasterol, and ergosterol were utilized; but cholestanol and not. Deletion from the media of choline and any of the B-vitamins, except riboflavin. greatly reduced adult emergence when the test larvae were obtained from eggs dissected from elm wood. When the test larvae hatched from eggs from artificial media, none survived on media lacking niacin amide, calcium pantothenate, riboflavin, pyridoxin, or folic acid. Deletion of biotin signiticantly reduced adult emergence. Larval survival on biotin-deficient media increased after 1 mg of biotin had been added to the oviposition medium of their parents.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 1, 1972
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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