Toxicity and Sterilization Effectiveness of Aflatoxins B1 and G1 and Distribution of Aflatoxin B1,14H in House Flies1,2
Authors: AL-ADIL, KHALID M.; KILGORE, WENDELL W.; PAINTER, RUTH R.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 65, Number 2, April 1972 , pp. 376-378(3)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Aflatoxins B1 and G1were administered orally to adult Musca Domestica L., am I their effects on sterility and morality were determined. He ring-labeled aflatoxin B1 also was fed to study the distribution of the ingested compound in the tissues. Aflatoxin C1 was more toxic and more effective as a sterilant than aflatoxin B1 In contrast, aflatoxin H, has been reported to be more toxic to ducklings ami some other animals. Aflatoxin C, was more toxic to male than to female flies, whereas HI was equally toxic 10 males and females. Both aflatoxin compounds were temporary sterilants.
The amount of 14C present in the haemolymph, rat bodies, Ovaries, testes. anti heads was measured for 3 days after oral administration of aflatoxin 131-14C. At the end of 3 days, the amount of 14C had decreased in the head, haemolymph and fat bodies, In the ovaries, however, the amount of He hat! increased markedly, while it remained relativity constant in the testes during the 3 days. The acculturation of aflatoxin B1-14C or its metabolites in the Ovaries may account for the temporary chemosterilant effect.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 1972
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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