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Treating Tephritids1 with Attractants to Enhance Their Effectiveness in Sterile-Release Programs2,3

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When the tephritids the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis Capitata (Wiedemann); the oriental fruit fly, Dacus dorsalis Hendel; and the melon fly, D. cucurbitae Coquillett, were treated topically with the male attractants trimedlure, methyl eugenol, and cue-lure, respectively, and tested in outdoor cages, untreated flies of D. dorsalis and D. cucurbitae were attracted to the treated flies. Also, male melon flies exposed to the odor of cue-lure for 4-5 days after emergence were subsequently 3-10 times less responsive to traps baited with cue-lure, an indication that they became habituated to the attractant. Thus, control or eradication by the techniques of male annihilation and sterile releases may be improved by using sterilized insects that do not respond to applications of attractant mixed with insecticide.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 1972

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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