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Fly Control in Caged-Poultry Houses: Comparison of Larviciding and Integrated Control Programs

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Abstract:

Weekly larviciding of the manure under caged laying hens with 1% RaVap® (EC consisting of 2 lb/gal Rabon® (2-chloro-1- (2,4,5-trichlorophenyl) vinyl dimethyl phosphate) and 0.2 lb/gal dichlorvos) or with 1% Zytron® (0-2,4-dichlorophenyl O-methyl isopropylphosphorainidothioate) gave satisfactory control of the house fly, Musca domestica L., and the little house fly, Fannia canicularis (L.). An integrated control program based on selective adulticiding with RaVap at 2- to 5-week intervals gave control as satisfactory as the weekly larviciding.

The populations of manure-inhabiting mites, Macrocheles muscadomesticae (Scopoli) and Fuscuropoda vegetans (De Geer), which are predaceous on the immature stages of the house fly, were destroyed by larviciding but were unharmed by selective adulticiding.

It was estimated that, under conditions in North Carolina, the larviciding method would require 16–18 applications during die season of fly activity (May–October) for satisfactory control, while the integrated program would require 5 or 6 applications of insecticide. Larviciding would require 5 times as much insecticide and 2.5 times an many man-hours per season as would be needed for the integrated control program.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 15, 1970

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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