Host Plants and the Performance of Some Lures for Japanese Beetles1,2

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Mixtures (1:9) of eugenol (4-allyl-2-methoxyphenol) with geraniol (trans-3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadien-l-ol), phenethyl butyrate, or anethole (p-propenylanisole), adult laboratory diet, and ripe fruit were evaluated in 4 location in conjunction with different host plants as lures for Popillia japonica Newman. Also, some of the same lures were tested in a field cage. No significant differences were apparent in either study in the trap captures between phenthyl butyrate + eugenol and geraniol + eugenol, but the catches of phenethyl butyrate + eugenol differed from that of anethole + eugenol in both studies. Geraniol + eugenol was better than anethole + eugenol in the field. When mean trap captures were compared anethole + eugenol lured more beetles when it was associated with American elder, geraniol + eugenol was more effective when it was associated with sassafras, and phenethyl butyrate + eugenol outperformed other lures when associated with Virginia creeper. Our data indicated the performance of a lure was modified by its association with a host plant.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 1970

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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