Further Sleeve Tests of New Powders for Control of Body Lice1,2,3

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Abstract:

Six candidate compounds, AbateĀ® (O,O-dimethyl phosphorothioate O,O-diester with 4,4'-thiodiphenol), BASF 1-155 (1 ,2,3,4,9,9-hexachloro-1,4,4a,5,6,7,8,8a-octahydro-1,4 Methanonaphthalene), Bay 62863 (2,3-dihydro-2-methyl-7- helllofnranyl methylcarbamate, Geigy GS-12968 (O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate S-ester with 2-ethoxy-4- (mer- capotomethyl) -Δ2-1,3,4-thiadiazolin-5-one) , MobamĀ® (bema [b] thien-4-yl methylcarbamate) , and Shell SD-8530 (3,4,5- trimcthylphenyl mcthy1carbamte) , in louse powders were evaluated against DDT-resistant body lice, Pediculus hu manus humanus1., compared with malathion. The tests the were conducted at the Naval Medical Field Research Laboratory, Camp Lejeune, N. C., during November-December 1968 and January-Februal'Y 1969, with U. S. Marine volunteers, who WOl-esleeves treated with the powders - about 4{) hours per week for 6-7 weeks while in training, After 4 days' wear each week, body lice were exposed to the treated sleeves in the laboratory. Powders containing 2% Abate and 5% Mobam were IO{)%effective for 6 weeks, whereas 1% Bay 62863 and 2% Geigy 12968 were 100% effective for 5 weeks. The Abate, Mobam, and Bay 62863 were powders were significantly more effective than the 2% Geigy GS-12968, but the latter was more effective than the malathion standard. The 1% Bay 62863 powder was significantly more effective than the 1% BASI' I-155, 1% Shell SD-8530, and malathion.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 1970

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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