Feeding Acceptability of Certain Insects and Various Water-Soluble Compounds to Two Varieties of the Imported Fire Ant1,2
Authors: RICKS, B. L.; VINSON, BRADLEIGH S.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 63, Number 1, February 1970 , pp. 145-148(4)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Studies were carried out to determine the preference of two varieties of the imported fire ant, Solenopsis saevissima richleri Forel, and Solenopsis saevissima saevissima Smith, for various common insects as food, using whole and crushed insects as well as ether and water extractions. In addition, several sugars, amino acids, and B vitamins were tested for acceptability.
A wide assortment of insect species tested were readily accepted: however, several species were consistently rejected by the ants.
In general, the acceptance of amino acids by the ants was equal to or less than water for both ant varieties. Leucine, however, was found to be several fold more attractive than water and as acceptable as the best sugars.
Both varieties were similar in their preferences for melezitose, sucrose, and dextrose (in all cases considerably higher than the water standard) and in their rejection of xylose, ribose, mannose. arabinose, and galactose.
Folic acid, B12, and Inositol were accepted to a greater extent than the water standard, but none of the B vitamins tested were as attractive as the more acceptable sugars or amino acids.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 1970
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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