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Influence of Poultry-Manure-Removal Schedules on Various Diptera Larvae and Selected Arthropod Predators1

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Abstract:

The effects of weekly manure removal, monthly removal, and no removal on populations of fly larvae and selected predators (Acarina: Macrocheles muscaedomesticae Scopoli, Fuscuropoda sp. (undescribed), Parasitidae; Coleoptera: Staphylinidae, Histeridae, Hydrophilidae; Diptera: Ophyra leucostoma (Wiedemann)) were studied for a full fly season at each of 2 northern California ranches. Third-instar larvae of the house fly, Musca domestica L., the false stable fly, Muscina stabulans (Fallen), and Calliphoridae were most abundant in 1-week-old manure; those of the little house fly, Fannia canicularis (L.), the coastal fly, Fannia femoralis Stein, and the black garbage fly, O. leucosloma, reached greatest numbers in 2- to 3-week-old manure. Unremoved manure had the least numbers of dipterous larvae, with the exception of the stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.). All predators studied were most abundant in unremoved manure. Abstention from manure removal favored the predators; monthly or bi-weekly removal favored the dipterous larvae.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 1970

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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