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Atrophy and Developmental Abnormality in Insects Exposed to Dodecyl Alcohol1

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Diluted dodecyl alcohol and a few related higher alcohols and fatty acid derivatives were found to produce unusual morphological and physiological effects on 6 species of insects, the most noteworthy effects being a progressive atrophy leading to loss of legs and other extremities. Insects used for these studies were the western drywood telmite, lncisitermes minor (Hagen); larvae of the furniture carpet beetle, Anthrenus ftavipes LeConte; the black carpet beetle, Attagenus megatoma (F.); nymphs of the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.); larvae of the confused flour beetle, Tribolium confusum Jacquelin duVal; and larvae of the flesh fly Sarcophaga bullata (Parker). Routes of administration were absorption and ingestion from treated substrates, and vapor inhalation. Studies were made to determine ultimate effects and speed of action of each route of administration. In addition to atrophy other forms of abnormality were noted including albinism, wing deformation, impeded circulation of hemolymph, and in some cases sterility.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 1969

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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