A Laboratory Evaluation of Baits and Chemosterilants on the Little House Fly1

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Eighteen chemicals shown to be effective chemosterilants on other insects were tested against Fannia canicularis (L.). Each compound was presented as an intimate mixture of their normal diet ranging in concentration from 2.0 to 0.015%. Most of the compounds tested either had no significant effect or were too toxic. Six chemicals, apholate, hempa, metepa, tepa, tretamine, and triphenyltin hydroxide, were found to be nontoxic at concentrations effecting sterility. Triphenyltin acetate, triphenyltin chloride, and 4-imidazolin-2-one were the most toxic of the compounds tested, Of several commercially available syrups evaluated for their attractiveness to the adult flies, a combination of clear corn syrup and honey proved to be the most attractive. When combined with syrup and presented as a free choice between their normal untreated diet and the syrup-baited chemosterilants, hempa, metepa, and tepa were the only compounds that continued to sterilize adult flies effectively.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 1969

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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