Control of the Lone Star Tick1 on Cattle2

Authors: DRUMMOND, R. O.; WHETSTONE, T. M.; ERNST, S. E.

Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 60, Number 6, December 1967 , pp. 1735-1738(4)

Publisher: Entomological Society of America

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Abstract:

The following treatments sprayed onto cattle gave> 90% reduction of adult lone star ticks, Amblyomma Americanum (L.), at 1 day posttreatment compared with numbers on untreated cattle: 0.25% Banol® (6-chloro-3,4-xylyl methylcarbamate); 0.05-0.25% Bay 39007 (o-isopropoxyphenyl methylcarbamate); 1% bromophos; 0.5% carbaryl; 0.3% Ciodrin®(alpha-methylbenzyl 3-hydroxycrotonate dimethyl phosphate) ; 0.1% Compound 4072 (2-chloro-l- (2,4- dichlorophenyl) vinyl diethyl phosphate); 0.25% coumaphos; 0,03% diazinon (EC); 0.025-0.1% Dursban® (0,0- diethyl 0-3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridyl phosphorothioate); 0.125- 0.25% Imidan® (0,0-dimethyl S-phthalimidomethyl phosphorodithioate); 0.1-0.5% Shell SD-8447 (2-chloro-1-(2,4,5-trichlorophenyl)vinyl dimethyl phosphate); 0.1% Shell SD 8448 (2-chloro-1-(2,4,5-trichlorophenyl)vinyl diethyl phosphate); 1% trichlorfon; and 0.5% toxaphene (the standard treatment).

Treatments giving less than 90% reduction were: 0.1% Banol; 0.1-0.25% Bay 37341 (0,0-diethyl O-[4-(methylthio) -3,5-xylyl] phosphorothioate); 0.375% bromophos; 0.25% bromophos-ethyl; 0.05% carbophenothion; 0.03% diazinon (wp); 0.1% Dowco®175(2,4-dichlorophenyl propyl methylphosphoramidate); 0.01% Dursban; 0.1% fenthion; 0.1% Imidan; and 0.5% menazon.

At 1 week posttreatment, the following sprays gave reduction equal to or greater than the 64% reduction given by 0.5% toxaphene: 0.25% Bay 37341,0.1% Bay 39007, 0.5% carbaryl, 0.1% Compound 4072, 0.25% coumaphos, 0.1% Dowco 175, 0.05% Dursban, 0.1 and 0.25% Imidan, 0.1% Shell SD-8448, and 1% trichlorfon. At 2 weeks posttreatment, all treatments except 0.25% coumaphos gave little or no reduction in number of ticks. A pouron of 2% Bay 37341 at 1 oz per cwt gave only 39% reduction at 1 day posttreatment, whereas a pouron of 8% trichlorfon at ½ oz per cwt gave 72% reduction at 1 day and 44% reduction at 1 week posttreatment.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 1967

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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