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Effect of Dietary Biotin on Reproduction of the House Fly1,2,3

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Sterilizing- activity of biotin was demonstrated with adults of the house fly, Musca domestica L. Diets containing as little as 0.25% biotin reduced egg hatch by about 50%, but continuous feeding on 2% biotin in food was necessary to effect complete sterility of females. Male flies were only slightly affected at a 2% dosage, and morphological changes in the testes were not apparent. Mortality increased with time but had not reached 50% in either sex at the end of a 15-day period. Females fed this medium for short intervals of 2-10 days were able to produce small numbers of viable eggs when returned to standard diet and mated with untreated males. Flies found normal food more palatable than biotin-treated medium. However, indications were that the sodium hydroxide solution used as the solvent for biotin was the principal cause of this response.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 1967

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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