Unsuccessful Brood Development of the White-Pine Weevil1

Authors: KUILMAN, H. M.; HARMAN, D. M.

Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 60, Number 5, October 1967 , pp. 1216-1220(5)

Publisher: Entomological Society of America

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Abstract:

Many white pine, Pinus strobus L., leaders killed by the white-pine weevil, Pissodes strobi (Peck), do not yield a new brood of weevils. Brood development was considered "successful," A, if weevils emerged from the attacked leaders and "unsuccessful" if weevils did not emerge. Unsuccessful brood development was classified as B, dead leaders; C, live leaders so badly damaged that laterals took the leader position; D, live leaders with a conspicuous reduction in growth; and E, live leaders bearing large scars. Leaders in categories A, B, and C always caused crooked trees. If leaders in categories D and E died or were broken by wind, the damage caused crooked trees.

Unsuccessful brood development was commonly ob- served in white pines in Wisconsin, Ohio, Maryland, West Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina, Virginia, Minnesota Pennsylvania, and New York. In the 6 last-mentioned States, quantitative data were taken showing that about 1/3 of the weevil-caused crooked trees in open natural stands and plantations, and about 1/2 of the crooked trees in understory stands, were associated with unsuccessful brood development. In stands with a high frequency of unsuccessful broods, the average number of weevils reared per producing leader was less than in stands with a lower frequency of unsuccessful broods. It was concluded that unsuccessful brood development was a rather uniform phenomenon on the basis of data from more than 70 stands scattered throughout most of the range of white pine in the United States.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 1967

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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