A Method of Releasing Sterile Mediterranean Fruit Fly Adults from Aircraft1
Authors: NADEL, D. J.; MONRO, J.; PELEG, B. A.; FIGDOR, H. C. F.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 60, Number 4, August 1967 , pp. 899-902(4)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Preliminary experiments in Israel showed that sterile Mediterranean fruit flies, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), could not be scattered successfully from airplanes as pupae. Concussion caused only small losses, but exposure to sunlight and removal by ants killed almost all the pupae before the adults could emerge. For this reason we developed at the IAEA laboratory in Austria a method by which adults emerged in paper bags filled with wood-wool. These bags were released through a suction tube which projected beneath the fuselage of an airplane. Fixed knives slit open the bags in their passage down the tube and the bag contents were torn out by a spike fixed on a rail projecting behind the tube. Flies released in this way survived as well as ground-released adults. Survival was considerably improved by impregnating the wood-wool with 10% sucrose so that the adults could feed before they were released. By this method adults of approximately 1x106 pupae can be released from 100 bags occupying a total of 1-1.5 cubic meters.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: August 1, 1967
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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