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Response of Acoustic Sense Cell of the Bollworm and Tobacco Budworm1 to Ultrasound1

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Abstract:

The A-I acoustic sense cell in the tympanic ears of bollworm moths, Heliothis zea (Boddie), and tobacco budworm moths, Heliothis virescens (F.), responded to sound pulses at frequencies ranging from 10 to 100 kilohertz (KHz) , but was most sensitive to frequencies between 18 and 25 KHz. Free-flying moths of both species responded with similar evasive behavior when they were stimulated with pulses of ultrasound at frequencies of 21-22 KHz. However. in a preliminary field test, ultrasound at frequencies of 21-22 KHz and a rate of 10 pulses per second did not materially affect the populations of bollworms or tobacco budworms in cotton fields. Equipment failures were probably at least partially responsible for the lack of control.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1967

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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