Laboratory Evaluation of Insecticides Against the Cigarette Beetle1

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Abstract:

Sixteen compounds were coated on the paper surface of Kraft paper-aluminum foil laminated panels at deposits of 10, 50, or 100 mg per square foot. The compounds were evaluated for residual and vapor toxicity against the adult cigarette beetle, Lasioderma serricorne (F). Effectiveness was assessed by insect mortality after a 72-hour postexposure period.

American Cyanamid 47300 (O,O-dimethyl 0-4-nitro-mtolyl phosphorothioate) was effective both as a residual and as a vapor toxicant. Fenthion, Geigy 12968[ 0,0- dimethyl phosphorodithioate, S-ester with 2-ethoxy-4- (mercaptomethyl) -△2-1,3,4-thiodiazolin-5-one], malathion, and Shell SD-9098 (0-[2-chloro-l- (2,5-dichlorophenyl) . vinyl] O,O-diethyl phosphorothioate) showed effective residual action. Compounds with effective vapor action were Bromodan [5- (bromomethyl) .1,2,3,4,7,7-hexachloro- 2-norbornene], dichlorvos, lindane, Shell SD 9020 (0-[2- chloro-1- (2,4.dichlorophenyl) vinyl] O,O-dimethyl phosphorothioate), and Velsicol 1-bromochlordene (1-bromo- 4,5,6,7,8,8- hexachloro -3a,4, 7, 7a- tetrahydro -4, 7- mcthanoindene). Compounds least toxic to the insects were DDT, pyrethrum-piperonyl butoxide, and carbaryl.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 1966

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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