The Migration of Piperonyl Butoxide from Treated Multiwall Kraft Bags into Four Commodities
Authors: HIGHILAND, HENRY A.; JAY, EDWARD G.; PHILLIPS, MARGARET; DAVIS, DEAN F.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 59, Number 3, June 1966 , pp. 543-545(3)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Migration of pyrethrum-piperonyl butoxide. used as an insect repellent on the outside surface of multiwall paper bags. was determined by chemical analysis of the amount of piperonyl butoxide present (1) in each of the 4 plies of the bags and. (2) in varions foods stored in the bags for 18 months. Piperonyl butoxide was present in the inner ply of the bags soon after the bags were made. and the amount of insecticide that migrated increased after the bags were filled. and placed. in storage. The presence of piperonyl butoxide in rice, dry milk, beans, and flour after only I month of storage in the treated bags was further proof of migration. The highest average residues in composite samples after 18 months of storage were 6.28 ppm in flour, 5.50 ppm in rice, 4.74 ppm in dry milk, and 0.57 ppm in beans. These residues were all within the 10-ppm tolerance originally established. by the Food and Drug Administration for piperonyl butoxide when used as a multiwall paper bag treatment. The highest piperonyl butoxide residnes were in foods that had the highest fat content.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 1, 1966
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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