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Area Control of the Face Fly Using Self-Applicating Devices

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Abstract:

An experiment using self-applicating dust dispensers around mineral salt boxes in beef cattle pastures and in the exit chute of a dairy barn for control of face flies, Musca autumnalis DeGeer, was carried out on an area basis in southwest Virginia. An experiment was set up on a farm of approximately 2000 acres, which consisted of 23 separate pastures each containing 50 to 100 head of cattle. In 13 of the pastures, 5% malathion dust was used in the devices. In 8 of the other pastures, dust formulations of the following were used: Bayer 37344 (4- (methylthio) -3,5-xylyl methylcarbamate) (5%) ; fenthion (2%) ; coumaphos (5%); dimetilan (2%); and Drione dust (10.0% Butacide (α-[2- (2-butoxyethoxy) ethoxy]-4,5-methylenedioxy- 2-propyltoluene), 1.0% pyrethrins, 45.0% butoxypolypropylene glycol, 4.0% petroleum distillate, and 40.0% Dri-dieĀ® #67 (silicon dioxide plus ammonium silicofluoride to extent of 3% fluorine) by weight). Two pastures were untreated. Face fly counts were lower in all the treatments but no significant difference between treatments was detected. An overall summary of the area treatment by the self-applicating devices indicated that although complete control was not obtained, there was substantial reduction in the number of face flies per animal and considerable relief was noted.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 1965

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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