Hydroxylation as a Factor in Resistance in House Flies and Blow Flies
Authors: SCHONBROD, R. D.; PHILLEO, W. W.; TERRIKRE, L. C.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 58, Number 1, February 1965 , pp. 74-77(4)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:The hydroxylation of napthalene by microsomes prepared from the house fly, Musca domestica L., and the black blow fly, Phormia regina.(Meigen), has been measured in search of differences related to sex, age, insecticide susceptibility, and species. The results of these tests have been compared further with those obtained when the 2 species were exposed to naphthalene vapors. Correlation between in vitro hydroxylation and in vivo resistance has been found. P. regina is more susceptible to naphthalene vapors than M. domestica, while microsomes from P. regina are only % as active in the hydroxylation of naphthalene as those prepared from M. domestica. Older house flies contain microsomes of greater hydroxylating capacity than younger insects. House flies highly resistant to DDT and dieldrin are approximately twice as active in the in vitro hydroxylation of naphthalene as a strain only moderately resistant to these insecticides. A house fly strain, selected for resistance to naphthalene, is shown to have a correspondingly high capacity to hydroxylate naphthalene in vitro.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1965-02-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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